Patient from Georgia has rapid improvement in hand function after treatment at the INR, September 2016, 5 years after stroke!
Patient from Oklahoma is able to run minutes after treatment by Edward Tobinick MD at the INR two years after stroke!
May 2, 2016 (Los Angeles, Boca Raton): On April 27, 2016, the peer-reviewed review article entitled, Perispinal Delivery of CNS Drugs, by Edward Tobinick MD, published online in the scientific journal CNS Drugs. The article published in print in the June issue of the journal. The abstract of the article states:
Perispinal injection is a novel emerging method of drug delivery to the central nervous system (CNS). Physiological barriers prevent macromolecules from efficiently penetrating into the CNS after systemic administration. Perispinal injection is designed to use the cerebrospinal venous system (CSVS) to enhance delivery of drugs to the CNS. It delivers a substance into the anatomic area posterior to the ligamentum flavum, an anatomic region drained by the external vertebral venous plexus (EVVP), a division of the CSVS. Blood within the EVVP communicates with the deeper venous plexuses of the CSVS. The anatomical basis for this method originates in the detailed studies of the CSVS published in 1819 by the French anatomist Gilbert Breschet. By the turn of the century, Breschet’s findings were nearly forgotten, until rediscovered by American anatomist Oscar Batson in 1940. Batson confirmed the unique, linear, bidirectional and retrograde flow of blood between the spinal and cerebral divisions of the CSVS, made possible by the absence of venous valves. Recently, additional supporting evidence was discovered in the publications of American neurologist Corning. Analysis suggests that Corning’s famous first use of cocaine for spinal anesthesia in 1885 was in fact based on Breschet’s anatomical findings, and accomplished by perispinal injection. The therapeutic potential of perispinal injection for CNS disorders is highlighted by the rapid neurological improvement in patients with otherwise intractable neuroinflammatory disorders that may ensue following perispinal etanercept administration. Perispinal delivery merits intense investigation as a new method of enhanced delivery of macromolecules to the CNS and related structures.
Note added in July 2016: A related article, entitled “Perispinal Delivery of CNS Drugs: From Corning to Perispinal Etanercept”, published on July 9, 2016, on the Brain Immune Trends website, accessible by clicking here.
The full-text of the article is available by clicking on the link below:
“The New Stroke Treatment That’s Changing Lives”
Sunday Night (Australia), March 29, 2015
On March 29, 2015 the television news program “Sunday Night” in Australia aired a national news feature story about INR’s perispinal etanercept stroke treatment. The story was entitled “The New Stroke Treatment That’s Changing Lives”, and it is accessible online at this link:
In the television feature, the clinical results of two patients treated at the INR by INR Los Angeles medical director Nancy Kim M.D., are depicted. The story was filmed both in Los Angeles at the time of treatment and in Australia, after each of the patients returned home.
Issue 10, volume 4, Supplement of Alzheimer’s and Dementia: Journal of the Alzheimer’s Association, Session 04-11-02, P273, entitled “The Safety and Tolerability of etanercept in Alzheimer’s disease (STEADI-09): A Phase II Double Blind Randomised Placebo Controlled Trial”, principal investigator Clive Holmes MD, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom, contains the first double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled data supporting the therapeutic efficacy of etanercept for treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. The abstract of this study (full-text here) published in this issue in July 2014. The abstract concludes:
“This study shows good tolerability and safety of Etanercept in the subjects with Alzheimer’s Disease. This study is also supportive of beneficial cognitive, behavior and activities of daily living in subjects taking subcutaneous Etanercept.”
A 2008 article in BBC News had previously discussed the favorable results of etanercept for treatment of Alzheimer’s disease in a study whose lead author was Edward Tobinick M.D. The article reported at the time that Clive Holmes MD was interested in taking on further research utilizing this treatment approach.
May 10, 2014
Two scientists from the UCLA Department of Neurology have published a new research article entitled “Intracerebral hemorrhage in mouse models: therapeutic interventions and functional recovery“, Metab Brain Dis. 2014 epub May 10.
The authors recognize intracerebral hemorrhage as a subtype of focal stroke and the most common form of brain hemorrhage. The authors explain,
“With direct blood extravasation into brain, secondary inflammation is a substantial feature. Drugs which reduce neuroinflammation enhance functional recovery. Lei and colleagues targeted tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), a cytokine that is secreted by the microglia in response to injury and acts as a prime neuroinflammatory mediator causing progressive damage. A single dose of TNF-alpha antibody … showed evidence of reduced neuroinflammation and improved functional deficit….”
For further information regarding the INR, please see the following sources, accessible by clicking on the links below:
- Google Scholar citations to the scientific publications of INR physicians
- The abstract and link to the full text of the published, peer-reviewed article, written by multiple INR physicians, including Nancy Kim MD and Edward Tobinick MD, entitled “Selective TNF Inhibition for chronic stroke and traumatic brain injury: an observational study involving 629 consecutive patients….”
- The abstract and link to the full text of a new scientific, peer-reviewed article that published in 2014, authors Arthur Levine DO*, Helen Rodriguez-Romanacce**, Tracey Ignatowski, Robert Spengler, and Edward Tobinick MD*. *Drs. Levine and Tobinick are physicians on the medical staff of the Institute of Neurological Recovery in Boca Raton, Florida.
- The abstract and link to the full text (PDF) of the published, peer-reviewed article, entitled “Rapid cognitive improvement in Alzheimer’s disease …“, authored by Edward Tobinick MD and Hyman Gross MD.
- The 60 Minutes Australia 2011 documentary on the INR Alzheimer treatment, entitled “A New Shot at Life“.
- The SunSentinel cover story, entitled “Boca doctor gives stroke survivors new shot at mobility, independence“.
- Edward Tobinick on Linked in
- Edward Tobinick biography
- Edward Tobinick MD Curriculum Vitae as of August 2013
December 18, 2013 (Gold Coast, Australia): Today Griffith University, on their Alzheimer’s trial website, announced that the Griffith University Alzheimer’s Study has recently been granted full approval by the Human Research Ethics Committee as the first randomized double blind clinical trial to test perispinal etanercept for dementia in Australian patients. More information here, on the Griffith website. The INR congratulates Griffith University and its scientists and physicians for their diligence and outstanding efforts that have enabled the initiation of this new study. The approval and initiation of this new study represents independent scientific support for the scientific rationale underlying this treatment approach that was invented and pioneered at the INR in Los Angeles.