New Neuroinflammation Textbook Chapter 2017

Doctors Ignatowski, Tobinick, and Spengler at the INR, January 2014.

 

 

 

 

 

 

This new book chapter has published in its pre-print version from the new scientific textbook entitled, “Mechanisms of Neuroinflammation” by InTech. Download the free pre-print version here: On Overcoming Barriers to Application of Neuroinflammation Research, Edward Tobinick, Tracey Ignatowski, Robert Spengler. InTech, 2017.

Tobinick E, Ignatowski, T., Spengler, R. On Overcoming Barriers to Application of Neuroinflammation Research. In: Abreu GEA, ed. Mechanisms of Neuroinflammation: InTechOpen; 2017.

From England to the INR Boca Raton, May 2017

Toni’s long-time personal assistant describes his rapid improvement after stroke treatment in Boca Raton, Florida.

Disclaimer: Individual results vary, not all patients respond. Additional doses may be necessary to maintain the clinical response. Treatment for these indications is innovative (“off-label”). Please see the Terms of Use. The method of off-label treatment utilized is a patented invention of the INR. Copyright 2017 INR PLLC, all rights reserved.

Family from Mumbai, India to the INR in 2015 & May 2017

Family from Mumbai, India on their second visit to the INR, in May 2017. First visit and treatment at the INR was in November 2015, four years after her stroke. The family discusses her neurological improvement after her first treatment at the INR. Her neurological improvement increased month after month and now has been sustained for 1 1/2 years and counting.

Disclaimer: Individual results vary, not all patients respond. Additional doses may be necessary to maintain the clinical response. Treatment for these indications is innovative (“off-label”). Please see the Terms of Use. The method of off-label treatment utilized is a patented invention of the INR. Copyright 2017 INR PLLC, all rights reserved.

Rapid Improvement in Walking and Vision 3 years after Stroke at the INR, April 2017

Patient traveled from Colorado to the INR in Boca Raton, Florida, in April 2017.

Disclaimer: Individual results vary, not all patients respond. Additional doses may be necessary to maintain the clinical response. Treatment for these indications is innovative (“off-label”). Please see the Terms of Use. The method of off-label treatment utilized is a patented invention of the INR. Copyright 2017 INR PLLC, all rights reserved.

Perispinal Delivery of CNS Drugs

Perispinal.Delivery.coverMay 2, 2016 (Los Angeles, Boca Raton): On April 27, 2016, the peer-reviewed review article entitled, Perispinal Delivery of CNS Drugs, by Edward Tobinick MD, published online in the scientific journal CNS Drugs. The article published in print in the June issue of the journal. The abstract of the article states:

Perispinal injection is a novel emerging method of drug delivery to the central nervous system (CNS). Physiological barriers prevent macromolecules from efficiently penetrating into the CNS after systemic administration. Perispinal injection is designed to use the cerebrospinal venous system (CSVS) to enhance delivery of drugs to the CNS. It delivers a substance into the anatomic area posterior to the ligamentum flavum, an anatomic region drained by the external vertebral venous plexus (EVVP), a division of the CSVS. Blood within the EVVP communicates with the deeper venous plexuses of the CSVS. The anatomical basis for this method originates in the detailed studies of the CSVS published in 1819 by the French anatomist Gilbert Breschet. By the turn of the century, Breschet’s findings were nearly forgotten, until rediscovered by American anatomist Oscar Batson in 1940. Batson confirmed the unique, linear, bidirectional and retrograde flow of blood between the spinal and cerebral divisions of the CSVS, made possible by the absence of venous valves. Recently, additional supporting evidence was discovered in the publications of American neurologist Corning. Analysis suggests that Corning’s famous first use of cocaine for spinal anesthesia in 1885 was in fact based on Breschet’s anatomical findings, and accomplished by perispinal injection. The therapeutic potential of perispinal injection for CNS disorders is highlighted by the rapid neurological improvement in patients with otherwise intractable neuroinflammatory disorders that may ensue following perispinal etanercept administration. Perispinal delivery merits intense investigation as a new method of enhanced delivery of macromolecules to the CNS and related structures.

Note added in July 2016: A related article, entitled “Perispinal Delivery of CNS Drugs: From Corning to Perispinal Etanercept”, published on July 9, 2016, on the Brain Immune Trends website, accessible by clicking here.

The full-text of the article is available by clicking on the link below:

Perispinal Delivery of CNS DrugsEdward Tobinick MD. CNS Drugs. 2016;30(6):469-80. do:10.1007/s40263-016-0339-2, published online 27 April 2016. (Download free full-text PDF).